Dewey makes a strong case for the importance of education not only as a place to gain content knowledge, but also as a place to learn how to live. First that the social reform-minded, scandal-uncovering journalists had made the public suspicious and hyper-critical of the management of all public institutions.
The dream of equality of educational opportunity had been partly realized. By retarded children, he meant children who were over-age for their grade regardless of how well they were doing in their work.
Gender is an important perspective that author Callahan does not bring up anywhere in the book, and I think it is a critical missing perspective. The efficiency cultists who generally want the state to pull back and slim down are now calling for aggressive state intervention in society to root out the enemy within.
It is practically universal to assign each day a Cult of efficiency lesson beginning on one specific page and line and ending on another; and the best progress is made when the conditions are such that a definite study hour or period can be assigned in which the lesson must be learned.
Second, by getting the utmost of finished product out of every pound or bale worked up. Writes Callahan… The business ideology was spread continuously into the bloodstream of American life. Writes Callahan… Into this difficult and potentially explosive situation an American educator — not a business man or muckraking journalist — threw an incendiary bomb in the form of an allegedly scientific study of retardation and elimination, published inLaggards in Our Schools.
The Historical Context Callahan gives a quick sketch of the the early 20th century U. This is one of my pet subjects and pet hates, just quietly.
The specification for manufacturing come from the demands of the twentieth-century civilization, and it is the business of the school to build its pupils to the specification laid down.
Free public schools, from the kindergarten through the university, had been established. The answer may lie in the anecdote she tells at the beginning of the first lecture: In the struggle to gauge effectiveness, there is a new public hunger for accountability, and this, in turn, is creating a whole new role for governments.
And all this so as to perpetuate the great lie that it is all being done in our best interests so as to provide for the efficient and effective provision of services. The event was a cataclysm for U.
It was, therefore, quite natural for Americans, when the thought of reforming the schools, to apply business methods to achieve their ends. The other was the reform movement identified historically with Theodore Roosevelt and spearheaded by the muckraking journalists.
In Australia we have freedom of information laws — these require governments to provide information on their programs and processes and thereby be accountable to tax payers when they spend tax payer dollars. The result was the teaching load which is accepted as the norm in most public high schools today.
Heaven forbid you should do it your way and not follow the best practice determined by the state! They showed, Ayres said, that the schools were filled with retarded children and that most students dropped out of school before finishing the eighth grade.
There was also an anti-intellectualism and business-bias in much of the criticism. And school administrators, already under constant pressure to make education more practical in order to serve a business society better, were brought under even stronger criticism and forced to demonstrate first, last, and always that they were operating the schools efficiently.
We need to do this so that we can decide how we are going to hold people accountable, as accountability is a key concept in efficiency and so is clearly also a general social good.
The American people not only allowed this to happen but their insistence on economy forced it upon the schools.We live in an age dominated by the cult of efficiency. Efficiency in the raging debate about public goods is often used as a code word to advance political agendas.
When it is used correctly, efficiency is important: it must always be part of the conversation when resources are scarce and citizens and governments have important choices to make among competing priorities/5.
Janice Gross Stein’s “The Cult of Efficiency,” read at a CBC Massey Lecture inattempts to define the concept of efficiency and how it has impacted our society in the past and present.
Education and the Cult of Efficiency September 10th, at This is the title of a book by Raymond Callahan first published inbut brought to my attention in the suggested reading list in radical educator John Taylor Gatto ‘s book, The Underground History of American Education.
The cult of efficiency is the subject of a recent lecture by a conflict management professor named Janice Gross Stein, later published in book form.
In this article, Caroline Oliver considers the ways in which Stein's ideas about the cult of efficiency coincide with, and differ from, the Policy Governance concepts of ends and means.
This item: Education and the Cult of Efficiency: A Study of the Social Forces That Have Shaped the by Raymond E. Callahan Paperback $ In Stock.
Ships from and sold by mint-body.com(10). Education and the Cult of Efficiency / Edition 1 Raymond Callahan's lively study exposes the alarming lengths to which school administrators went, particularly in the period from toin sacrificing educational goals to the demands of business mint-body.com: $Download